A commercial pilot certificate, or license, is a type of pilot certificate that allows someone to operate an aircraft for compensation.
A certificated commercial pilot may act as pilot-in-command of an aircraft for compensation or hire, as well as carry persons or property for compensation or hire. To put another way, holding a commercial pilot license means you are legally allowed to get paid as a pilot.
To fly as an airline pilot, you must have an Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) certificate, which is the highest pilot certificate the FAA issues. However, all pilots must first start by earning their private pilot certificate and then their commercial pilot certificate, before they can attain an ATP certificate.
In order to be eligible for an FAA commercial pilot certificate, a person must be at least 18 years of age; and be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language.
Reference 14 CFR §61.123 for the entire list of eligibility requirements.
To earn a commercial pilot license, a pilot must:
Reference 14 CFR §61.123 for a complete listing of all requirements.
According to federal regulations, you must meet the following aeronautical flight experience requirements to earn a commercial certificate.
|Commercial Pilot Flight Time Requirements|
|Total Flight Time||250 Hours|
|Pilot-In-Command (PIC)||100 Hours|
|Cross-Country PIC||50 Hours|
|Instrument Training||10 Hours|
|Technically Advanced Airplane (TAA)||10 Hours|
Reference 14 CFR §61.129 for more details on flight time requirements.
In order to exercise the privileges of a commercial pilot license, you must hold either a second- or first-class medical certificate, which can be obtained through an aeromedical examiner (AME).
Medical certificates are renewed periodically, per the table below. After the duration of a medical certificate has elapsed, it does not expire. Instead, a pilot may continue to exercise the privileges of the next less restrictive medical certificate. E.g. If you are under 40, with a second-class medical, you may fly as a commercial pilot for the first 12 months and then may fly as a private pilot for the remaining 48 months.
|FAA Medical Certificate Durations|
|Privileges||Under the Age of 40||Age 40 and Over|
|First-Class||Airline Transport Pilot||12 Months||6 Months|
|Second-Class||Commercial Pilot||12 Months||12 Months|
|Third-Class||Private Pilot||60 Months||24 Months|
Commercial pilots are subject to certain health standards, such as vision, hearing, equilibrium, mental, neurologic, and cardiovascular requirements. For a complete list of the health requirements for obtaining a second-class medical and flying as a commercial pilot reference CFR 14 §67 Subpart C. Learn about airline pilot eligibility requirements »
A prerequisite of the Airline Career Pilot Program is that students must possess an FAA first-class medical certificate prior to starting training. Even though you only need a second-class medical for your commercial pilot certificate, you will need a first-class medical to fly as an airline pilot and exercise the privileges of an Airline Transport Pilot certificate. For this reason, we ask students obtain the more restrictive medical before making the financial commitment towards becoming an airline pilot.